For many years, public spending in our country is stable above 50% of GDP. It is a matter common to the major European economies, they also inspired by the model that aims to reconcile the needs of the market and social cohesion. But in the case of Italy, it takes unusual connotations: first and foremost, the poor efficiency of the public apparatus and the modest ability of redistributive policies to mitigate / reduce inequalities of income on the side. A too high spending, also with significant rigidities imposed by the need to allow an adequate minimum level of social benefits, forced to maintain a high tax burden, to ensure a revenue stream consistent with the levels of spending, given the constraints of the Stability Pact by the side of the deficit and, even more so today and tomorrow, of the public debt. It is thus compelling the need to take remedial action to reduce the excessive levy burden on firms and households. This is possible only through a gradual requalification and a progressive reduction of public spending. These are some of the key findings of the study on the costs of political representation in Italy carried out by Confcommercio.